RaceClean: Frequently Asked Questions


Q: Who does USADA test?
A: USADA has authority to test:
  • any athlete who is a member of USA Cycling
  • any athlete participating at a competition sanctioned by USA Cycling
  • any international athlete who is present in the United States
  • any other athlete who has given his/her consent to testing by USADA or who has submitted a Whereabouts Filing to USADA or an International Federation (IF) within the previous 12 months and has not given USA Cycling or USADA written notice of retirement
  • any athlete who has been named by the USOC or USA Cycling to an international team or who is included in the USADA Registered Testing Pool or is competing in a qualifying event to represent the USOC or USA Cycling in international competition
  • any United States athlete or international athlete present in the United States who is serving a period of ineligibility on account of an anti-doping rules violation and who has not given prior notice of retirement from all sanctioned competitions to USA Cycling and USADA, or the applicable foreign anti-doping agency or foreign sports association
USADA does testing for International Federations (IFs), other National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs) and the World Anti-Doping Agency. Generally, USADA does not test at the Olympic Games. The Local Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games and WADA oversee testing at the Games. 
Q: What type of tests does USADA conduct?
A: USADA conducts in-competition (IC) and out-of-competition (OOC) tests. OOC testing is testing of individual athletes in an out-of-competition setting with little or no advance notice of the test. In-Competition testing is generally testing conducted following an event. USADA collects both urine and blood samples as part of its program. For more information please visit www.usada.org/collection.
Q: Which substances and methods are prohibited at all times both in- and out-of-competition?
A: The WADA Prohibited List identifies those prohibited substances and methods that are prohibited at all times (both in-competition and out-of-competition). An athlete must check the WADA Prohibited List to determine what substances are prohibited. The substances and methods in the following categories - anabolic agents, hormones and related substances, beta-2 agonists, hormone antagonists and modulators, diuretics and other masking agents, enhancement of oxygen transfer, chemical and physical manipulation, and gene doping are prohibited at all times in- and out-of-competition. Over-the-counter dietary supplements may contain substances in these prohibited categories. The WADA-accredited laboratories test for the classes of substances and methods that are prohibited both in- and out-of-competition by the WADA Prohibited List.
Q: Which substances and methods are prohibited in-competition?
A: The WADA-accredited laboratories test for all classes of substances and methods that are prohibited both in- and out-of-competition by the WADA Prohibited List. (Please see substances prohibited in- and out-of-competition. An athlete must check the WADA Prohibited List to determine what substances are prohibited. The substances prohibited in-competition, in addition to the substances and methods prohibited in- and out-of-competition include stimulants, narcotics, cannabinoids (hashish, marijuana) glucocorticosteroids and classes of prohibited substances in certain sports (i.e., alcohol and beta-blockers).
Q: What is a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)?
A: Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) is special permission to use a prohibited substance for medical reasons based on substantial medical documentation. For more information on TUEs and how to apply for one, click HERE.

Q: As a race director, how can I ensure that anti-doping tests will be administered at my race?

A: The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) is available to conduct its widely respected testing program on athletes who are training, competing or living in the United States. This testing is conducted under agreements with the relevant testing authority, which typically includes National Governing Bodies, International Federations, other National Anti-Doping Agencies, National Olympic Committees and the World Anti-Doping Agency. For more information click HERE.

Q: Are dietary supplements prohibited?

A: USA Cycling does not condone or promote the medically unsupervised use of dietary supplements. Because the dietary supplement industry is loosely regulated in the United States, the ingredients in a given supplement cannot be guaranteed for purity. For this reason, it is possible that a dietary supplement could lead to a positive doping control test for a substance on the WADA Prohibited List. Anti-doping rules make the presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s urine or blood a doping offense regardless of how the substance got there. Any athlete who takes a vitamin, mineral, herb, amino acid, or other dietary supplement does so at his or her own risk of committing a doping violation.
Every athlete is responsible for knowing the doping control rules and categories of prohibited substances. Information on prohibited substances is available from USADA via its website (www.usada.org). Athletes are encouraged to consult with USADA through its toll-free drug information line (1.800.233.0393). Remember, the athlete is always responsible for what he or she puts into his or her body.
For more information on prescriptions and supplements go to USADA’s supplement information page: http://www.supplement411.org.

This Article Published March 4, 2013 For more information contact:
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